Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.ucuenca.edu.ec/handle/123456789/31422
Title: Factores que influyen al consumo de drogas en adolescentes de la Unidad Educativa Joaquín Malo Tamaríz, Cuenca 2018
Authors: Vásquez Maza, Gabriela Alexandra
Zhiña Quilli, Johanna Valeria
metadata.dc.contributor.advisor: Sánchez Campoverde, Diana Esther
Keywords: FACTORES INFLUYENTES
CONSUMO DROGAS
PROBLEMAS FAMILIARES
AMIGOS
FAMILIA
Issue Date: 2018
metadata.dc.ucuenca.paginacion: 64 p.
metadata.dc.description.city: 
Cuenca
Series/Report no.: ENF;855
metadata.dc.type: bachelorThesis
Abstract: 
Background: drug use represents a strong public burden in the global, national and local health system due to the consequences that the drug dependent subject suffers in his health and therefore it must be treated in an integral manner, which leads to taking important decisions on how to treat it and how to prevent it. According to the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC 2010), the factors that influence adolescents' drug use; the main cause is the influence of peers or similar, in addition, the deficit of parental care and authority and socioeconomic level (1) (2). Objective: to determine the factors that influence the consumption of drugs among adolescents of the Joaquin Malo Tamariz Educational Unit, Cuenca 2018. Methodology: The research is of a descriptive exploratory quantitative type, cross-sectional design, found in 100 adolescents of the Joaquin Malo Tamariz Educational Unit. The sample frame was chosen by the researchers and involved all the students of the eighth, ninth and tenth of the age ranging between the ages of 12 to 19 years. A survey prepared by the CONSEP in 2014 was applied to evaluate the factors that influence the consumption of drugs and was a researcher in this problem, becoming a bibliographic support. For the processing of the information, it was applied to the SPSS 22 and Microsoft Excel programs, for the presentation of the results, tables and graphs were used, and the analysis was made in relation to the frequencies and percentages. Results: of the 100 students, 52% were male and 48% were female, the most dangerous drug according to students is cocaine with 31%, 26% refers to marijuana and 7% alcohol. The places where they were offered drugs were inside the school with 42%, followed with 37% in the neighborhood or community, while with 10 and 11% in the park and parties respectively. With 48% they started the consumption of some type of drug at age 12. The factors influencing the consumption were individual, social, family and psychological. Conclusions: the influential factors to the consumption of drugs in the adolescents of the Educational Unit Joaquin Malo Tamariz are the fast acquisition in concurred places like parties and school, absence of the parents in the home, familiar problems and influence of friends
Description: 
Antecedentes: el consumo de drogas representa una carga pública en el sistema de salud mundial, nacional y local debido a las consecuencias que sufre el sujeto drogodependiente en su salud. Según el Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos (INEC 2010), los factores que influyen al consumo de drogas en los adolescentes; es la influencia de compañeros, déficit de cuidado de los padres y nivel socioeconómico (1) (2). Objetivo: determinar los factores que influyen en el consumo de drogas en los/las adolescentes de la Unidad Educativa Joaquín Malo Tamariz, Cuenca 2018. Metodología: la investigación es de tipo cuantitativo descriptivo exploratorio, diseño de corte transversal, que se desarrolló a 100 adolescentes de la Unidad Educativa Joaquín Malo Tamariz. El marco muestral involucró a los estudiantes de octavo, noveno y décimo de básica, entre 12 a 19 años. Se aplicó una encuesta elaborada por el CONSEP en el 2014. Para el procesamiento de la información se aplicó los programas SPSS 22, para la presentación de los resultados se empleó tablas y el análisis se desarrolló en relación a las frecuencias y porcentajes. Resultados: la droga más peligrosa según los estudiantes es la cocaína con el 31 %, el 26% la marihuana y un 7% el alcohol. Al 42% les ofrecieron drogas dentro del colegio y el 37% en el barrio. El 48% iniciaron el consumo de droga a los 12 años. Conclusiones: los factores influyentes al consumo de drogas son ausencia de los padres en el hogar, problemas familiares e influencia de amigos
metadata.dc.description.degree: 
Licenciado en Enfermería
URI: http://dspace.ucuenca.edu.ec/handle/123456789/31422
Appears in Collections:Tesis de Pregrado

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