The parental acceptance-rejection perceived by 9 to 14-year-old children was investigated taking into
consideration the parents’ characteristics such as age, sex, family type and level of parental education.
A non-probabilistic multistage population was selected from 15 educational institutes in CuencaEcuador.
Participants were 863 children, 431 male, and 432 female, and the average age was 10.67
years (DT=0.707). The Parental Acceptance-Rejection/Control Questionnaire-Short Form
(PARQ/Control-SF), with 24 items, was used to assess parents’ behavior with their child about
perceived warmth / affection, hostility / aggression, indifference / neglect, and undifferentiated
rejection. Results showed that children perceived their parents as highly affective with an above average
score, showing a slightly higher score for the mothers. Although participants perceived a similar
tendency of parental affection and rejection, differences in the recognized parental attitude of
indifference in general, aggression, and rejection were related to parents’ age, level of instruction and