DEPRESION DSM IV TR PREVALENCE HAMILTON TRASTORNOS MENTALES MANUAL DIAGNOSTICO
Universidad de Cuenca. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
to determine the prevalence of depression and
risk factors, in teenagers aged 10-19 years old from
Cuenca’s urban high schools May – October 2007.
Method and materials.
Study of prevalence. The sample was representative
and randomized (264), finite universe N=41270
with a 6% occurring probability, 94% non occurring
probability, 95% confidence level (1.96 ); and inference
error of 0.03 (3%). For data collecting a questionnaire
and the test Hamilton for depression, were used. Data
were processed in Epi Info.
The 32.7% (88/269) has mayor depression from these
10.4% (28/88) suffered some disease in the past.
Statistically significant association OR 1.81, IC 95% (1.02
3.23) p = 0,041. The 33.2% (88/265) of mayor depression
cases, 3.8% (10/88) suffer some disease at the present
moment. Statistically significant association was found
OR 4.41, IC 95% (1.45 - 13.34) p=0,004. 32.7% (89/272)
of mayor depression cases, 8.8% (24/89) drink alcohol.
Statistically significant association was found OR 3.01
IC 95% (1.55 - 5.81) p=0.0008. 32.6% (89/273) of mayor
depression cases, 51.7% (46/89) belong to adolescence
stage: 14-16 years. Statistically significant association
was found p=0,016. Chi2 Pearson 8.26.
The mayor depression could be considered a public
health problem in Cuenca.