Depresion Dsm Iv Tr Prevalence Hamilton Trastornos Mentales Manual Diagnostico
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Universidad de Cuenca
Universidad de Cuenca. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
to determine the prevalence of depression and
risk factors, in teenagers aged 10-19 years old from
Cuenca’s urban high schools May – October 2007.
Method and materials.
Study of prevalence. The sample was representative
and randomized (264), finite universe N=41270
with a 6% occurring probability, 94% non occurring
probability, 95% confidence level (1.96 ); and inference
error of 0.03 (3%). For data collecting a questionnaire
and the test Hamilton for depression, were used. Data
were processed in Epi Info.
The 32.7% (88/269) has mayor depression from these
10.4% (28/88) suffered some disease in the past.
Statistically significant association OR 1.81, IC 95% (1.02
3.23) p = 0,041. The 33.2% (88/265) of mayor depression
cases, 3.8% (10/88) suffer some disease at the present
moment. Statistically significant association was found
OR 4.41, IC 95% (1.45 - 13.34) p=0,004. 32.7% (89/272)
of mayor depression cases, 8.8% (24/89) drink alcohol.
Statistically significant association was found OR 3.01
IC 95% (1.55 - 5.81) p=0.0008. 32.6% (89/273) of mayor
depression cases, 51.7% (46/89) belong to adolescence
stage: 14-16 years. Statistically significant association
was found p=0,016. Chi2 Pearson 8.26.
The mayor depression could be considered a public
health problem in Cuenca.