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dc.contributor.authorDe Meyer, Sara
dc.contributor.authorJaruseviciene, Lina
dc.contributor.authorZaborskis, Apolinaras
dc.contributor.authorDecat, Peter
dc.contributor.authorVega Crespo, Bernardo Jose
dc.contributor.authorPozo Córdova, Kathya
dc.contributor.authorTemmerman, Marleen
dc.contributor.authorDegomme, Olivier
dc.contributor.authorMichielsen, Kristien
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-11T16:47:51Z-
dc.date.available2018-01-11T16:47:51Z-
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn1654-9716, e 1654-9880
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84904400842&origin=resultslist&sort=cp-f&src=s&st1=A+cross-sectional+study+on+attitudes+toward+gender+equality%2c+sexual+behavior%2c+positive+sexual+experiences%2c+and+communication+about+sex+among+sexually+active+and+non-sexually+active+adolescents+in+Bolivia+and+Ecuador&sid=0d145f0a35a6e9b0bc11c2b01a98e6ac&sot=b&sdt=b&sl=230&s=TITLE-ABS-KEY%28A+cross-sectional+study+on+attitudes+toward+gender+equality%2c+sexual+behavior%2c+positive+sexual+experiences%2c+and+communication+about+sex+among+sexually+active+and+non-sexually+active+adolescents+in+Bolivia+and+Ecuador%29&relpos=0&citeCnt=33&searchTerm=
dc.descriptionBackground: It is widely agreed upon that gender is a key aspect of sexuality however, questions remain on how gender exactly influences adolescents’ sexual health. Objective: The aim of this research was to study correlations between gender equality attitudes and sexual behavior, sexual experiences and communication about sex among sexually active and non-sexually active adolescents in 2 Latin American countries. Design: In 2011, a cross-sectional study was carried out among 5,913 adolescents aged 14 18 in 20 secondary schools in Cochabamba (Bolivia) and 6 secondary schools in Cuenca (Ecuador). Models were built using logistic regressions to assess the predictive value of attitudes toward gender equality on adolescents’ sexual behavior, on experiences and on communication. Results: The analysis shows that sexually active adolescents who consider gender equality as important report higher current use of contraceptives within the couple. They are more likely to describe their last sexual intercourse as a positive experience and consider it easier to talk with their partner about sexuality than sexually experienced adolescents who are less positively inclined toward gender equality. These correlations remained consistent whether the respondent was a boy or a girl. Non-sexually active adolescents, who consider gender equality to be important, are more likely to think that sexual intercourse is a positive experience. They consider it less necessary to have sexual intercourse to maintain a relationship and find it easier to communicate with their girlfriend or boyfriend than sexually non-active adolescents who consider gender equality to be less important. Comparable results were found for boys and girls. Conclusions: Our results suggest that gender equality attitudes have a positive impact on adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and wellbeing. Further research is necessary to better understand the relationship between gender attitudes and specific SRH outcomes such as unwanted teenage pregnancies and sexual pleasure among adolescents worldwide.
dc.description.abstractBackground: It is widely agreed upon that gender is a key aspect of sexuality however, questions remain on how gender exactly influences adolescents’ sexual health. Objective: The aim of this research was to study correlations between gender equality attitudes and sexual behavior, sexual experiences and communication about sex among sexually active and non-sexually active adolescents in 2 Latin American countries. Design: In 2011, a cross-sectional study was carried out among 5,913 adolescents aged 14 18 in 20 secondary schools in Cochabamba (Bolivia) and 6 secondary schools in Cuenca (Ecuador). Models were built using logistic regressions to assess the predictive value of attitudes toward gender equality on adolescents’ sexual behavior, on experiences and on communication. Results: The analysis shows that sexually active adolescents who consider gender equality as important report higher current use of contraceptives within the couple. They are more likely to describe their last sexual intercourse as a positive experience and consider it easier to talk with their partner about sexuality than sexually experienced adolescents who are less positively inclined toward gender equality. These correlations remained consistent whether the respondent was a boy or a girl. Non-sexually active adolescents, who consider gender equality to be important, are more likely to think that sexual intercourse is a positive experience. They consider it less necessary to have sexual intercourse to maintain a relationship and find it easier to communicate with their girlfriend or boyfriend than sexually non-active adolescents who consider gender equality to be less important. Comparable results were found for boys and girls. Conclusions: Our results suggest that gender equality attitudes have a positive impact on adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and wellbeing. Further research is necessary to better understand the relationship between gender attitudes and specific SRH outcomes such as unwanted teenage pregnancies and sexual pleasure among adolescents worldwide.
dc.language.isoes_ES
dc.sourceGlobal Health Action
dc.subjectAdolescents
dc.subjectGender attitudes
dc.subjectLatin america
dc.subjectSexual behavior
dc.subjectPositive sexual experiences
dc.titleA cross-sectional study on attitudes toward gender equality, sexual behavior, positive sexual experiences, and communication about sex among sexually active and non-sexually active adolescents in Bolivia and Ecuador
dc.title.alternative
dc.typeARTÍCULO
dc.ucuenca.idautor0000-0001-6101-8819
dc.ucuenca.idautor0000-0003-2171-3635
dc.ucuenca.idautor0000-0001-6518-2237
dc.ucuenca.idautor0000-0001-8948-6040
dc.ucuenca.idautor0102146917
dc.ucuenca.idautor0000-0003-0890-8657
dc.ucuenca.idautor0000-0003-2069-8752
dc.ucuenca.idautor0000-0002-4360-0220
dc.ucuenca.idautor0000-0002-4119-6770
dc.identifier.doi10.3402/gha.v7.24089
dc.ucuenca.versionVersión publicada
dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescoamplio09 - Salud y Bienestar
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionDe, S., Ghent University, Gent, Belgica
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionJaruseviciene, L., Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lituania
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionZaborskis, A., Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lituania
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionDecat, P., Ghent University, Gent, Belgica
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionVega, B., Universidad de Cuenca, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Cuenca, Ecuador
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionPozo, K., South Group, Cochabamba, Bolivia
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionTemmerman, M., Ghent University, Gent, Belgica
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionDegomme, O., Ghent University, Gent, Belgica
dc.ucuenca.afiliacionMichielsen, K., Ghent University, Gent, Belgica
dc.ucuenca.correspondenciaDe Meyer, Sara, SaraA.demeyer@ugent.be
dc.ucuenca.volumenVolumen 7, número 1
dc.ucuenca.indicebibliograficoSCOPUS
dc.ucuenca.factorimpacto0.934
dc.ucuenca.cuartilQ1
dc.ucuenca.numerocitaciones0
dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatiamplio3. Ciencias Médicas y de la Salud
dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatiespecifico3.3 Ciencias de la Salud
dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatidetallado3.3.6 Salud Pública y Medio Ambiente
dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescoespecifico091 - Salud
dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescodetallado0912 - Medicina
dc.ucuenca.urifuentehttps://www.tandfonline.com/journals/zgha20
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