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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.ucuenca.edu.ec/handle/123456789/22119
Title: Routine drug and food interactions during antihelminthic treatment of neurocysticercosis: a reason for the variable efficacy of albendazole and praziquantel?
Other Titles: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Authors: Romo, Matthew L.
Carpio, Arturo
Kelvin, Elizabeth A.
Keywords: Cysticercosis
Taenia Solium
Issue Date: Apr-2014
metadata.dc.ucuenca.paginacion: Páginas 361–367
volumen 54; número 4
metadata.dc.type: Article
Neurocysticercosis (NC) or infection of the central nervous system with Taenia solium larvae is a leading cause of preventable seizures and epilepsy in endemic regions across the globe. Albendazole and praziquantel are commonly used antihelminthic agents to treat NC; however, viable cysts persist in the majority of patients, putting them at risk for future seizures and other neurological complications. Because of their pharmacokinetic profiles, albendazole and praziquantel have the potential to interact with many different drugs. During antihelminthic treatment, antiepileptic drugs and corticosteroids are commonly co-administered to manage seizures and cerebral edema; however, the most commonly used agents from these drug classes are known to significantly alter plasma concentrations of albendazole and praziquantel. The overarching issue with drug interactions during the treatment of NC is whether or not they have clinical relevance, as the plasma concentrations of albendazole and praziquantel have not been directly linked with eradication of viable cysts. Future studies should attempt to evaluate the validity of a causal relationship between antihelminthic plasma concentrations and outcomes so that drug interactions can be better understood and managed and so that treatment can be optimized.
URI: http://dspace.ucuenca.edu.ec/handle/123456789/22119
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