During the last two decades, there has been a renewed interest in studying epidemiology of epilepsy in developing countries. While there are data on prevalence of epilepsy from many developing countries, there is very little information on the mortality of epilepsy in these same populations. This is because incidence studies of epilepsy are difficult to perform, death certificates are unreliable and often unavailable, and the cause of death is difficult to determine. We report on several studies of mortality in epilepsy in developing countries: Ecuador; the Parsi community of Bombay; a semiurban community in Vasai, India; Mali; Martinique; and Africa. Overall, these studies in general illustrate excess mortality among people with epilepsy when compared with the general population.