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Title: Maternal metabolic demands caused by pregnancy and lactation: Association with productivity and offspring phenotype in high-yielding dairy ewes
Other Titles: 
Authors: Pesantez Pacheco, Jose Luis
Heras Molina, Ana
Torres Rovira, Laura
Sanz Fernández, María Victoria
García Contreras, Consolación
Vázquez Gómez, Marta
Feyjoo, Pablo
Cáceres, Elisa
Millán Frías, Mateo
Hernández, Fernando
Martínez Ros, Paula
González Martin, Juan Vicente
Gonzalez Bulnes, Antonio
Astiz, Susana
metadata.dc.ucuenca.correspondencia: García Contreras, Consolación , astiz.susana@inia.es
Keywords: Milk yield
dairy sheep
Pregnancy rank
Age
metabolic profile
Birth weight
Sex lamb
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatiamplio: 4. Ciencias Agrícolas
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatidetallado: 4.2.2 Ganaderia: Mascotas
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatiespecifico: 4.2 Zootecnia y Ciencia de los Lácteos
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescoamplio: 08 - Agricultura, Silvicultura, Pesca y Veterinaria
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescodetallado: 0841 - Veterinaria
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescoespecifico: 084 - Veterinaria
Issue Date: 2019
metadata.dc.ucuenca.volumen: volumen 9, número 6
metadata.dc.source: Animals
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3390/ani9060295
metadata.dc.type: ARTÍCULO
Abstract: 
Pregnancy and lactation, especially when concurrent, create a rather metabolically demanding situation in dairy ruminants, but little is known about their e ects on o spring phenotype and milk yield. Here, we evaluated the impact of pregnancy and lactation on the metabolic traits and productive performance of Lacaune dairy sheep and their o spring. Productive performance was measured in terms of milk yield, body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), and size. Productivity was assessed during mid-pregnancy (75 5 d) and late pregnancy (142 4 d) and at 52 5 d in the postpartum period. During pregnancy, high-yielding ewes had higher BW, BCS, plasma glucose, cholesterol, -OHB, and NEFA than low-yielding ewes, but lower levels of lactate and urea. High-yielding animals had lower BCS after lambing, but their lambs showed greater growth. Productivity during lactation was a ected by ewe age and parity: Mature ewes (but not maiden sheep) whose BCS increased steeply during pregnancy yielded more milk in the subsequent lactation than those whose BCS did not increase. Lamb BW and size were positively associated with milk yield in the subsequent lactation. Mature ewes had higher yields than maiden sheep, and mature ewes with multiple pregnancies produced more milk than those with singleton pregnancies. Ewes with male singleton pregnancies also showed higher yield than those with female singletons.
Description: 
Pregnancy and lactation, especially when concurrent, create a rather metabolically demanding situation in dairy ruminants, but little is known about their e ects on o spring phenotype and milk yield. Here, we evaluated the impact of pregnancy and lactation on the metabolic traits and productive performance of Lacaune dairy sheep and their o spring. Productive performance was measured in terms of milk yield, body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), and size. Productivity was assessed during mid-pregnancy (75 5 d) and late pregnancy (142 4 d) and at 52 5 d in the postpartum period. During pregnancy, high-yielding ewes had higher BW, BCS, plasma glucose, cholesterol, -OHB, and NEFA than low-yielding ewes, but lower levels of lactate and urea. High-yielding animals had lower BCS after lambing, but their lambs showed greater growth. Productivity during lactation was a ected by ewe age and parity: Mature ewes (but not maiden sheep) whose BCS increased steeply during pregnancy yielded more milk in the subsequent lactation than those whose BCS did not increase. Lamb BW and size were positively associated with milk yield in the subsequent lactation. Mature ewes had higher yields than maiden sheep, and mature ewes with multiple pregnancies produced more milk than those with singleton pregnancies. Ewes with male singleton pregnancies also showed higher yield than those with female singletons.
URI: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31151216
metadata.dc.ucuenca.urifuente: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/issues/337911/
ISSN: 2076-2615
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