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Title: Reciprocal contribution of clinical studies and the HP10 antigen ELISA for the diagnosis of extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis
Authors: Parkhouse, Michael
Carpio Rodas, Luis Arturo
Campoverde Cisneros, Manuel Alfredo
Sastre, Patricia
Rojas, Glenda
Cortez, María Milagros
metadata.dc.ucuenca.correspondencia: Parkhouse, Michael, parkhous@igc.gulbenkian.pt
Keywords: Diagnosis
Extraparenchymal
HP10 antigen ELISA
HP10 antigen LFA
Neurocysticercosis
Parenchymal
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatiamplio: 3. Ciencias Médicas y de la Salud
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatidetallado: 3.2.27 Neurología Clínica
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientofrascatiespecifico: 3.2 Medicina Clínica
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescoamplio: 09 - Salud y Bienestar
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescodetallado: 0912 - Medicina
metadata.dc.ucuenca.areaconocimientounescoespecifico: 091 - Salud
Issue Date: 2018
metadata.dc.ucuenca.embargoend: 31-Dec-2050
metadata.dc.ucuenca.volumen: volumen 178
metadata.dc.source: Acta Tropica
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.11.005
metadata.dc.type: ARTÍCULO
Abstract: 
Abstract To evaluate diagnosis of active neurocysticercosis, paired cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and serum samples from 24 neurocysticercosis (NCC) patients and 17 control neurological patients were assayed in the HP10 Taenia antigen (Ag) ELISA. The CSF samples were also tested with an HP10 Lateral Flow Assay (LFA). The HP10 Ag was detected by ELISA in the CSF of 5/5 patients with Definitive extraparenchymal NCC, and in 4/5 of the corresponding sera. In the Definitive parenchymal group, on the other hand, the HP10 Ag was absent in 2/3 CSF (with a very low value in the one positive sample) and all the corresponding serum samples. Samples of CSF from 4/7 patients in the Probable parenchymal group, were also significantly HP10 Ag positive, suggesting the presence of extraparenchymal cysts not identified by the imaging studies. With the possible exception of one patient, the corresponding serum samples of the Probable parenchymal NCC group, were all HP10 Ag negative. Samples of CSF from 9 NCC patients diagnosed with Mixed parenchymal and extraparenchymal NCC were all significantly HP10 Ag positive, confirming the presence of extraparenchymal cysts, with only 7/9 of the corresponding serum samples being HP10 positive. Thus detection of the HP10 Ag indicates extraparenchymal and not parenchymal cyst localization and is more sensitive with CSF than serum. Three neurological patients clinically diagnosed as subarachnoid cyst, hydrocephalus and tuberculoma, respectively, were clearly positive for HP10 Ag. Of these, two were confirmed as NCC by subsequent imaging; the third died prior to further examination. Thus, a total of 8 patients had their clinical diagnosis questioned. Finally, there was good agreement between the HP10 Ag ELISA and LFA with CSF samples giving an optical density ≥0.4 in the ELISA assay. In conclusion, the HP10 Ag assay should provide a valuable and reciprocal tool in the clinical diagnosis and follow up of extraparenchymal NCC.
Description: 
Abstract To evaluate diagnosis of active neurocysticercosis, paired cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and serum samples from 24 neurocysticercosis (NCC) patients and 17 control neurological patients were assayed in the HP10 Taenia antigen (Ag) ELISA. The CSF samples were also tested with an HP10 Lateral Flow Assay (LFA). The HP10 Ag was detected by ELISA in the CSF of 5/5 patients with Definitive extraparenchymal NCC, and in 4/5 of the corresponding sera. In the Definitive parenchymal group, on the other hand, the HP10 Ag was absent in 2/3 CSF (with a very low value in the one positive sample) and all the corresponding serum samples. Samples of CSF from 4/7 patients in the Probable parenchymal group, were also significantly HP10 Ag positive, suggesting the presence of extraparenchymal cysts not identified by the imaging studies. With the possible exception of one patient, the corresponding serum samples of the Probable parenchymal NCC group, were all HP10 Ag negative. Samples of CSF from 9 NCC patients diagnosed with Mixed parenchymal and extraparenchymal NCC were all significantly HP10 Ag positive, confirming the presence of extraparenchymal cysts, with only 7/9 of the corresponding serum samples being HP10 positive. Thus detection of the HP10 Ag indicates extraparenchymal and not parenchymal cyst localization and is more sensitive with CSF than serum. Three neurological patients clinically diagnosed as subarachnoid cyst, hydrocephalus and tuberculoma, respectively, were clearly positive for HP10 Ag. Of these, two were confirmed as NCC by subsequent imaging; the third died prior to further examination. Thus, a total of 8 patients had their clinical diagnosis questioned. Finally, there was good agreement between the HP10 Ag ELISA and LFA with CSF samples giving an optical density ≥0.4 in the ELISA assay. In conclusion, the HP10 Ag assay should provide a valuable and reciprocal tool in the clinical diagnosis and follow up of extraparenchymal NCC.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85034668629&origin=inward
metadata.dc.ucuenca.urifuente: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0001706X
ISSN: 0001706X
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