Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.ucuenca.edu.ec/handle/123456789/30686
Title: The vital minimum amount of drinking water required in Ecuador
Other Titles: 
Authors: Martinez Moscoso, Fernando Andres
Aguilar Feijo, Victor Gerardo
Verdugo Silva, Julio Teodoro
Keywords: DRINKING WATER
MINIMUM VITAL OF DRINKING WATER
HUMAN RIGHT TO WATER
ECUADOR
FAMILY INCOME
PUBLIC SERVICES
Issue Date: 2018
metadata.dc.type: ARTÍCULO
Abstract: 
In 2017, the government of Ecuador established the minimum quantity of water required to be provided for free by drinking water utilities. Ecuador recognized the access to water as a fundamental human right because it guarantees the good living, known as “Sumak kawsay”, an indigenous Andean concept, in the Ecuadorian Constitution. This represents a novel approach to water rights in the world, as it is the first attempt to establish a minimum quantity of water under a constitutional guarantee by legislation, rather than regulation or judicial decision. However, this novel legislative approach raises the question of how this minimum amount of free water will impact the most vulnerable members of the Ecuadorian community. This paper provides the results of the first comprehensive research of the minimum required water provision in Ecuador. In order to measure the impact on the income of households, we built a methodology integrating: doctrinaire analyses, normative studies, and economic analyses. According to the Ecuadorian legislation, over-consumption of raw water generates additional costs that must be paid by water companies to the central government. In that regard, there is an inevitable relationship between the efficiency of the service and those additional costs. Efficiency, on this case, is the capacity of water companies (public or private) to provide water services at an adequate price, observing the following parameters: quantity, quality and sufficiency. Our research found that with this legislation in three Ecuadorian local governments (Cuenca, Gualaceo and Suscal), the most vulnerable households (i.e., low-income and/or indigenous households) will be affected the most. This means that and those families will spend the most part of their income on water services otherwise they would have to reduce their water consumption.
URI: http://dspace.ucuenca.edu.ec/handle/123456789/30686
http://www.mdpi.com/2079-9276/7/1/15
ISSN: 2079-9276
Appears in Collections:Artículos

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
documento.pdf1.15 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


This item is protected by original copyright



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Centro de Documentacion Regional "Juan Bautista Vázquez"

Biblioteca Campus Central Biblioteca Campus Salud Biblioteca Campus Yanuncay
Av. 12 de Abril y Calle Agustín Cueva, Telf: 4051000 Ext. 1311, 1312, 1313, 1314. Horario de atención: Lunes-Viernes: 07H00-21H00. Sábados: 08H00-12H00 Av. El Paraíso 3-52, detrás del Hospital Regional "Vicente Corral Moscoso", Telf: 4051000 Ext. 3144. Horario de atención: Lunes-Viernes: 07H00-19H00 Av. 12 de Octubre y Diego de Tapia, antiguo Colegio Orientalista, Telf: 4051000 Ext. 3535 2810706 Ext. 116. Horario de atención: Lunes-Viernes: 07H30-19H00